• Life's not about how hard of a hit you can give...It's about how many you can take, and still keep moving forward. Sylvester Stallone
  • The highest reward for a person's toil is not what they get for it, but what they become by it. - John Ruskin
  • Courage is the first of human qualities because it is the quality that guarantees all others. - Sir Winston Churchill
  • The ultimate aim of karate lies not in victory or defeat, but in the perfection of character of its participants. - Master Funikoshi
  • Concentration is the secret of strength - Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • If you always put limits on everything you do, physical or anything else, it will spread into your work and into your life. There are no limits. There are only plateaus, and you must not stay there, you must go beyond them. - Bruce Lee

20 Years in Vernon

General Terms

Japanese Translation Japanese Translation
Dojo Training Hall Dojo Kun Dojo code
Sensei Instructor Seiza Kneel
Rei Bow Yoi Ready
Migi Right Hidari Left
Kamae-te Move to ready position Hajime Start/begin
Mawatte Turn Yame Finish/stop
Gi Karate suit Obi Belt
Kime Focus Kiai Martial shout
Kihon Basic techniques Kata Formal exercises
Kumite Sparring Zanshin Martial state of mind or awareness
Jodan Head Chudan Middle body
Gedan Lower body Oss Respectful greeting or acknowledgment or understanding of a command

Dachi - Stances

Japanese Translation Japanese Translation
Heiko dachi Natural stance Heisoku dachi Feet together stance
Musubi dachi Informal stance Zenkutsu dachi Front stance
Kiba dachi Straddle stance Shiko dachi Open leg/Sumo stance
Kokutsu dachi Back stance

Uke - Blocks

Japanese Translation Japanese Translation
Gedan Barai Downward block Age Uke Rising block
Soto Uke Outside block Uchi Uke Inside block
Shuto uke Knife hand block Tate Shuto uke Vertical knife hand block
Nagashi uke Sweeping block Haishu uke Back hand block
Empi uke Elbow block Juji uke X block
Morote uke Augmented block Kakewake uke Wedge block

Tsuki - Punches

Japanese Translation Japanese Translation
Kara/Choku tsuki Straight punch Oi tsuki Stepping punch
Kizami tsuki Front hand punch Gyaku tsuki Reverse punch
Kagi tsuki Hook punch Ren tsuki Two punch combination
Sanbon tsuki Three punch combination

Uchi - Strikes

Japanese Translation Japanese Translation
Age empi uchi Rising elbow strike Yoko empi uchi Side elbow strike
Mawashi empi uchi Round elbow strike Ushiro empi uchi Reverse elbow strike
Tate empi uchi Downward elbow strike Shuto uchi Knife hand strike
Uraken uchi Back fist strike Tetsui uchi Hammer fist strike
Nukite Spear hand thrust Teisho uchi Palm heel strike
Haito uchi Ridge hand strike

Geri - Kicks

Japanese Translation Japanese Translation
Mae geri Front kick Yoko geri keage Side snap kick
Yoko geri kekomi Side thrust kick Mawashi geri Roundhouse kick
Ushiro geri Back kick Hiza geri Knee kick
Ren geri Kicking combinations stepping between kicks Nidan geri Two kicks with same leg without step between

Kumite - Sparring

Japanese Translation Japanese Translation
Sanbon Kumite Three step sparring Gohon Kumite Five step sparring
Kihon Ippon Kumite Basic one-step sparring Jiyu Ippon Kumite Semi-free style sparring
Kaishi Ippon Kumite Reaction sparring Jiyu Kumite Free style sparring